Philosophy Activities

Complete a summary chart of various philosophies of education and write your own philosophy of education (this will eventually be posted as your philosophy of education on your course web site). Please consult your textbook, some web resources, and/or conduct your own internet and/or library search. 

Your two tasks are listed below.

Task 1: You may work in groups on this if you want, but complete the following summary chart which you can download in Word format.  As an example of what to do, the first four rows have been completed for you (courtesy of the Dr. Bishop's Spring 2000 class).  Once you have completed the chart, send it to me electronically. Please make sure that you record the sources you consulted in appropriate citation format beneath the chart. 

Educational Philosophies

Philosophy

Key Figures

Metaphysics/Ontology

(What is real? about learners, teaching, etc.)

Epistemology

(What constitutes Knowledge; how is it obtained?)

Axiology

(Values; What ought to be)

Implications for Teaching

"Native American" 

various, depends on tribe/nation

Nature and humans are equal

Folklore, experience, wisdom

Group cohesion, solidarity

Cooperation, concern for others

"African"

various, depends on tribe/nation

Emotions

Art and music; non-rational thought

Personal relationships, feelings

Cooperation

"Asian"

 

various, depends on tribe/nation

Morals, conduct, controlled emotions

Need knowledge for religious freedom & to be a good person

High values

No emotions, embarrassment, meet demanding needs

Theism 

various, generally of Western European origin

God, religion

Prayer and Bible

Understand Godís will & meet expectations

Study the word of God/Bible

Constructivism           
Essentialism           
Existentialism          
Idealism          

Perennialism 

 

 

 

 

 

Pragmatism

 

 

 

 

 

Progressivism 

 

 

 

 

 

Realism

 

 

 

 

 

Reconstructionism

 

 

 

 

 

Your Personal Philosophy 

 

 

 

 

 

 Task 2: Write a 2-3 page essay describing your philosophy of education.  You should consider your audience to be the reviewers who will examine your portfolio for admission to the College of Education. You will continually revise your philosophy of education during your program of study so that when you graduate, you have a clear philosophy of education that tells prospective employers what you believe and how you implement your beliefs in educational settings.  Thus, while you need not use technical philosophy terms such as metaphysics/ontology, epistemology, or axiology, your essay should clearly indicate your beliefs about reality, the means by which knowledge is obtained, your values about what ought to be, and, in keeping with the Conceptual Framework of the College of Education. You can also locate this from the College of Education homepage and then clicking on policies and then on conceptual framework.

When completed, send me a copy and keep a copy and be prepared to post it to you portfolio website.

Examples

Philosophy of Education Guideline

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